State Secretary Doru Costea delivered, on 27 September 2011 in New York, Romania’s national address in the General Debate of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly, the theme of which is the “Role of Mediation in the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes.”
In his address, State Secretary Doru Costea insisted on the need to strengthen the legal foundations of the mediation process, and to consolidate the mechanisms for it, through the United Nations and the regional and subregional organizations so that the member states’ mediation efforts should find tangible support. “Romania is chairing the Fourth Committee during this session and we are ready to encourage, from this position as well, all diplomatic efforts aiming at achieving progress in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. The only viable solution that could efficiently apply to this case and could form the basis of a global and sustainable peace is through direct negotiations,” stated the Romanian official.
In his address the State Secretary welcomed the recent transformations in North Africa and the Middle East, underscoring that those changes reminded of the spirit of the events Romania had experienced 20 years before. On the occasion he reiterated Romania’s availability to help these countries cope with the transition to democracy, a large part of Romania’s development aid funds being earmarked for democratic institution building, strengthening the rule of law, justice and protection of the basic human rights.
“Romania considers that the political transformations occurring in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and elsewhere have to be endorsed and supported by the United Nations with all available resources. It is our collective responsibility to see to it that the proper conditions for human dignity and prosperity are set up in all our countries and to support the progress in the quest for fundamental freedoms and equal rights for all human beings. This is a part of Romania’s mandate as a newly elected member in the Human Rights Council. We intend to implement this mandate in a constructive and balanced manner,” State secretary Doru Costea said.
As far as the situation in Afghanistan is concerned, the Romanian official referred to the progress the Afghan authorities had made with the gradual takeover of responsibility in point of security, reconstruction and social and economic development: “Transition should be tailored according to particular realities and conditions required for the normal functioning of the Afghan society. Romania considers that progress in Afghanistan also depends on the efforts of the authorities in Kabul and the continued commitment of the international community. In this context, we welcome the role and efforts of the UN, other international organizations and Member States and reaffirm Romania’s commitment to building democratic institutions in Afghanistan.”
Moreover, the State Secretary renewed Romania’s availability to cooperate with the partners with a view to a comprehensive, coherent approach of the risks and threats to peace and international security, notably those generated by the proliferation of mass destruction and conventional weapons. “Romania supports and calls all States to consider long-term responsible implication on this matter and to consider the global security interest above any others. Disarmament, nonproliferation and arms control are major pillars in the global security architecture,” Doru Costea added.
The Romanian State Secretary also referred to Romania’s commitment to preparing the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Romania holding the chairmanship of the UN Committee on Sustainable Development, charged with preparing the “Rio +20” UN Conference due in June 2012; to the need to promote the green economy; and to continuing the mobilization to combat climate change and adopt a post-Kyoto global regime.
The State Secretary also mentioned the difficulties engendered by the global economic crisis, stressing in that context the need for reforms and efficient utilization of available resources. “In times of crisis, options are limited. We can dwell in endless debates on ‘what should have been done’ and ‘might have been’s’. But this is not the time for such debates – rather, it is the time to act. Reforms are needed that observe comprehensively good governance principles, human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the wise use of available resources. This is the only option. A country without equal and dignified citizens can never be rich,” said State Secretary Doru Costea, winding up his address.