Press Room

90 years of diplomatic relations between Romania and Latvia

Press release

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs organized, on 20 January 2012, jointly with the Embassy of Latvia, an event marking the 90th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Romania and Latvia, as well as an exhibition of diplomatic documents.

The event was attended by State Secretary for European Affairs Bogdan Aurescu, the ambassador of Latvia to Romania, Einars Semanis, historian Silviu Miloiu, president of the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, as well as ambassadors, members of the diplomatic corps accredited to Bucharest, personalities of the academic community and of civil society.

Speaking of the current stage of the Romanian-Latvian bilateral relations, State Secretary Bogdan Aurescu said: “In 2011 high level dialogue at a presidential, parliamentary and governmental level, but also at a technical level, was very intense. The first state visit of a Latvian president to Romania since Latvia’s independence was restored took place on 2-4 March 2011. The visit, an event in itself, contributed to consolidating the excellent bilateral political relations, to the future development of economic relations… Moreover, in 2011, Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Baconschi met in Bucharest with his Latvian counterpart and proposed, on the occasion, the holding this year of an economic forum in order to consolidate the ties between business communities in Romania and Latvia.”

Turning to cooperation within the European Union, State Secretary Bogdan Aurescu said Romania and Latvia would cooperate actively to “consolidate economic governance, based also on support for the conclusion of the intergovernmental agreement on a closer economic union, by supporting the Cohesion Policy and the Common Agricultural Policy in the context of negotiations regarding the Union’s new, post-2013 multiannual financial framework  and cooperation in the Black Sea and the Baltic regions… Our countries have similar views on the need to step up energy cooperation in the area of the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea, which could contribute to enhancing Europe’s energy security. We wish to consolidate cooperation with Latvia at a regional level as well… notably in the Eastern area of Europe, lending the Eastern Partnership increased consistency.”

Latvia’s Ambassador Einars Semanis in turn spoke of the excellent bilateral relations between Romania and Latvia, presenting the chief areas of bilateral cooperation and of cooperation within the EU.

Historian Silviu Miloiu presented the historical evolution of Romanian-Latvian relations, evoking the common historical past of the two states and the interactions between the two nations, which account for the continuity of relations, solidarity and friendship between Romanians and Latvians.

The exhibition arranged at the MFA headquarters presents original diplomatic documents – many of which come from the MFA’s diplomatic archives – relevant for the milestones of Romanian-Latvian relations, as well as a number of books on Latvia from Romanian public libraries.


Romania acknowledged Latvia’s independence in a MFA telegram of 21 February 1921 to the Romanian Legation in Copenhagen. A letter, dated 27 January 1922, from the president of Latvia’s Constituent Assembly, informed Romania of the Latvian parliament’s decision to have Martins Nuksa accredited as Latvia’s minister plenipotentiary to Bucharest, Mr. Nuksa holding the same official position in Warsaw.  On 2 June 1922 the Legation of the Republic of Latvia was created, with its headquarters in Warsaw. In 1924, Latvia established several honorary consulates in Romania; alongside the one in the capital city, consular offices then opened in Galati and Constanta.

Romania’s Legation in Latvia was established in May 1929 and as of April 1924 Alexandru Florescu was appointed Romania’s envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Latvia. On 26 August 1991, Romania officially recognized the newly independent state of the Republic of Latvia, and diplomatic relations between the two states were restores on 13 September 1991.

Einars Semanis, Latvia’s ambassador to Romania, resident in Warsaw, submitted his  credentials to the President of Romania on 9 June 2010.