Romania became a donor of official development assistance (ODA) in 2007, after having joined the European Union. Its development cooperation policy is coordinated in relation with Romania’s foreign policy.
What is the development cooperation policy?
As mentioned in the National Strategy on the international development cooperation policy adopted in 2006, Romania’s development cooperation policy consists in supporting people in developing countries, including low- and medium-income countries. Poverty cannot be defined simply as the lack of financial resources but also as citizens’ deprivation of food, education, health services, jobs, political involvement and infrastructure.
As an EU member, Romania can provide development assistance to countries and territories mentioned in the OECD-DAC list of ODA recipient countries, both through the bilateral-driven efforts geared at development cooperation and by joining the EU’s efforts in the field.
National objectives in the field of development cooperation
The overall objective of Romania’s development cooperation policy is to support the partner countries’ efforts to implement their own national development strategies.
Romania signed the Millennium Declaration of 18 September 2000 and endorsed the main international engagements in the field of development cooperation.
The Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) is the main institution in charge of managing and implementing the national development cooperation policy. The development assistance, including humanitarian assistance, is financed from the MFA’s budget, through a separate budgetary line, in accordance with the existing legal framework.
In this context, the MFA aims to promote Romania’s international donor profile by financial, human and technical involvement in assisting partner countries to implement political, economic and social reforms.
At the Romanian MFA, it is the Development Assistance Unit (UAsD) that manages development cooperation. UAsD is part of the General Directorate for Economic Diplomacy (DGDE), subordinated to the State Secretary for Global Affairs.
The first brochure regarding the implementation of the Romanian international development cooperation policy can be downloaded by accessing the link Romanian Aid.