Regional and Subregional Cooperation Structures

The South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)


​SEECP in Romania’s Foreign Policy

Romania’s active involvement within SEECP is focused on targeting the common interest of consolidating stability and security in the region. It is a clear and distinct expression of Romania’s determination to grant concrete support at the political level to the states of South-Eastern Europe, in view of their European and Euro-Atlantic perspective.

 

History of the Romanian Involvement within the SEECP

SEECP origins go back to the Balkan Agreement (The Balkan Entente), initiated by Nicolae Titulescu in 1934 (original members were: Greece, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey) and to the conferences of the ministers of foreign affairs held after the Second World War, with the participation of Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey.

Previously, Romania held the mandate of SEECP Chairmanship-in-Office during 1999-2000 and 2004-2005. During first mandate, The Charter of the Good Neighbourly Relations, Stability, Security and Cooperation in the South- Eastern Europe was signed, Bucharest, 12 February 2000. At the same time, a joint SEECP fact-finding mission, led by a Romanian diplomat, was deployed on the ground in order to provide regional response to the Kosovo refugees’ crisis (September 1999). The mission delivered joint conclusions, adopted by the SEECP ministers of foreign affairs, calling to the international community for support for the refugees as well as for ensuring proper conditions for their return to their homes.

During the same period, SEECP was internationally recognized, by a special reference in two major NATO and EU documents (The Declaration of the North-Atlantic Alliance Council, Washington, April 1999 and the distinct mention of SEECP by EU among the participants to the Stability Pact for the South-Eastern Europe (SPSEE), Köln and Sarajevo, June-July 1999).

The second Romanian mandate focused on the political and security dimension: accessions of Republic of Moldova to SEECP as observer and of Croatia as a full participating State.