Universal Exhibitions after 1989


Seville 1992 “The Age of Discovery,” Spain

The Universal Exhibition extended over a 215 ha. area, having a budget of about 121,6 bn. Pesetas. 112 official participants (countries and international organisations) were registered, and the exhibition was visited by 41.8 million persons.

In the 90’s BIE managed to impose regulations for post-exhibition situations, regarding the impact on the urban scenery of the host city. The site of Expo 92 Seville is the first example of success in this approach: the organizers invested in an empty land, in the proximity of the city. After closing the exhibition, the zone was turned into a science and technology park, and 12 years later this area became the most important Spanish research hub. From 1986 until 1991 the GDP of Andalusia grew by 5% per year, i.e. more than the overall Spanish growth rate for that period. For the first time the contribution of that area to the Spanish economy rose from 13,2% to 14,2 %. During the exhibition 14,024 persons worked at the expo site, and 64,640 new jobs were created in the area. The local infrastructure was entirely rebuilt, including the IT infrastructure, allowing the regional economy to grow at a higher rate than the nationwide average in that period.

Spain hosted the summer Olympics in 1992, in Barcelona.

Romania’s participation was coordinated by a team including representatives of the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Trade and Tourism, the Romanian Academy, the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Interior, the Architects Union, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry etc. The execution work for the exhibition was done by ARTEXPO (National Office for Documentation and Art Exhibitions), with a budget of 260 million lei (about 650,000 Euro) and 390,000 dollars. President Ion Iliescu paid an official visit to Spain in 1992, being received by King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia;  on the occasion he also visited the Romanian pavilion at Expo Sevilla. On the same tour, the President visited the Vatican and met Pope John Paul II, Romania renewing on this occasion the diplomatic relations with the Vatican, interrupted in 1948.

 

Hannover 2000 “Humankind, Nature, Technology”, Germany

The Universal Exhibition extended on a 160-ha area, having a budget of 10.2 billion DM. 155 official participants (countries and international organisations) were registered, and the exhibition was visited by 18 million visitors.

The infrastructure of the expo was built on the facilities and emplacement of the Hannover Fair and included a revamping of the exhibition site, from the functional and ecological point of view (under the slogan of sustainable development) including: refitting and modernization of Hannover Fair, development of an industrial park “Expo Park Hannover”, construction of a light surface transportation system, the building of tourist attractions such as “Adventure Zoo” and the “Tropical Rain Forest House”. In the run-up to and during the exhibition, about 40,000 persons/year were directly involved in the work regarding EXPO 2000 HANNOVER.

Romania’s participation was coordinated by a team formed by representatives from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Research and Technology, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (members with veto power), the Ministry of Culture, General Secretariat of the Government, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Water and Environment Protection, the Romanian Academy, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Administration of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation etc. It was  the Ministry of Trade and Industry that conducted the execution work based on a budget of 150 billion lei (about 7 million euros). Commissioner General for this exhibition was Sorin Fodoreanu, and the pavilion’s architecture was signed by architect Doru Comşa. Romania’s Pavilion was visited by about 3 million visitors.

 

Aichi 2005 “Nature’s Wisdom”, Japan

The Universal Exhibition covered a 173 ha area, had 125 official participants (countries and international organisations), and was visited by 22 million persons.

The exhibition site included groups of pavilions, the Global Common, a walkway around the site, the EXPO Dome and the EXPO Hall (for cultural events), magnetic transmission line (Maglev), administrative structures etc., and was eventually restored to the initial purpose, that of a Youth Park.  

Romania’s participation was coordinated by a team formed by representatives of the ministries of Foreign Affairs, of Economy and Trade, of Communication and Information Technology, of Culture and Religious Affairs, of Public Finance, of Agriculture, Forests, Water and Environment, of Education, Research and Youth, of Administration and Interior, of Transport, Constructions and Tourism etc.

In charge of the work to prepare the exhibition was the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, having a budget of 299 billion lei (about 8 million euros). Commissioner General for this exhibition was Ferdinand Nagy, and the pavilion was designed by architect Dorin Ştefan. Romania’s Pavilion was visited by about 2 million people. President Traian Basescu visited Romania’s Pavilion during his official visit to Japan in June 2005.

 

Shanghai 2010 “Better City Better Life,” China

Developed on a 5,28 km2 surface, in 184 days, EXPO Shanghai 2010 registered a record number of 73 million visitors. For this Universal Exhibition, PR of China was allocated an estimated budget of 29 billion CNY(RMB), about 3,5 billion USD. 246 countries and international organisations participated in EXPO 2010.

The novelty at EXPO 2010 was the opportunity of building the pavilions with their own architectural concept. Romania took part in this universal exhibition with a self-built national pavilion, “Greenopolis,” the architectural solution belonging to architect Andreea Rotaru.

In 6 months of participation, “Greenopolis” was visited by 5,473,000 visitors.

Romania’s participation in EXPO 2010 Shanghai, China was coordinated by a team formed of representatives of the ministries of Foreign Affairs, of Regional Development and Tourism, of Culture, Cults and National Heritage, of Economy, Trade and Business, of Public Finances, of Education, Research and Innovation, and of Environment. Ferdinand Nagy was the Commissioner General for this exhibition.

The actions of putting together the exhibition were conducted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, based on a budget of 27 million lei.