International Security

Disarmament and Nonproliferation

 The Eighth Review Conference (RevCon) of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) 3-28 May 2010, New York.

The NPT RevCon programme included plenary sessions that began with a high-level segment from the 3rd to the 7th of May and meetings of the three main committees mandated to examine the three operational pillars of the Treaty: Main Committee I - nuclear disarmament, Main Committee II - nuclear non-proliferation and Main Committee III - peaceful uses of nuclear energy. There were also meetings of the sub-committees with regard to specific topics such as nuclear disarmament and security guarantees, regional issues including the Middle East and the implementation of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East, other provisions of the NPT, including issues relating to Article X of the Treaty which provides for the withdrawal of a State Party. (http://www.un.org/en/conf/npt/2010/).

Romania held the position of Vice-Chair of the Main Committee I. It also co-authored several working papers, the most important being the working paper submitted jointly with the Russian Federation on our national experience regarding the return by air of highly enriched fresh and spent uranium in the Russian Federation, activity that was successfully completed in June 2009.

The Conference enjoyed a positive atmosphere proceeded by significant events in nuclear disarmament field (mainly the post-START agreement signed by U.S. and the Russian Federation). The Conference adopted by consensus a Final Document, the first of its kind after ten years, entitled Conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions. The document contains four sections: three Action Plans for each of the three pillars of the Treaty. The last section addresses Middle East issues, particularly the implementation of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East and other regional issues (North Korea).

Romania continues to strongly support the relevance of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty as the foundation of the international legal regime of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament and as a means of promoting international peace and security. Romania promotes a comprehensive and balanced approach towards the three pillars of the NPT regime. In this respect, Romania welcomes progress in nuclear disarmament, insists to increase efforts to identify solutions to recent challenges to the nuclear non-proliferation and continues to attach high priority to the responsible peaceful use of nuclear energy and ensuring access to nuclear technology.