International Security

Disarmament and Nonproliferation

 At the 64th session of the UN General Assembly, the Committee for the Disarmament and International Security (First Committee, New York, 5 October – 2 November 2009) adopted the resolution submitted by Romania and Germany on "Objective information on military issues, including transparency of military expenditures”. Since 1998, Romania and Germany as co-authors, present this resolution in a UN traditional system of biennial cycles to the consideration of the UNGA First Committee.

The main provisions of the resolution include: inviting UN member states to submit to the UN Secretary General, each year until 30 April, information on military expenditures made during the last fiscal year and to implement a series of guidelines and recommendations for objective information on military matters. The ultimate aim is to build a transparent and objective system in a multilateral framework in order to contribute positively to build and strengthen trust between members of the international community in one of the most sensitive areas.

The 2009 resolution, adopted by consensus and supported by the European Union, aims to stimulate the involvement of Member States in improving the UN system of standardized reporting. Thus, States are encouraged, in the 2010 edition of the annual report, along with routine technical data, to present their views on what changes could be made to the operation of the standard reporting tool. Moreover, a Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) will meet in three sessions (Geneva, October 2010 and New York, February and 2011) to evaluate the operation of the Istrument and identify means to strengthen it. Romania will be represented in the GGE.

 On 24 September 2009, the Summit of the Security Council devoted to nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament issues, convened by the United States and led by President Barack Obama, was held in New York. The meeting concluded with the adoption of the UNSC Resolution 1887. The resolution expresses the concern over the danger of nuclear proliferation and affirms its commitment to working towards the common goal of "creating a world free of nuclear weapons."

The Resolution includes a series of measures for attaining this goal: reducing nuclear arsenals, strengthen the legal framework established by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, preventing access of terrorist groups to nuclear weapons, reaffirming the obligation to comply with Security Council resolutions on Iran and North Korea, strengthening the role of the IAEA, and strengthening nuclear export control regimes.
This was the fifth Summit of the Security Council in the 64 years of the organization, attended by the Presidents of the United States, France, Russian Federation, China, Austria, Mexico and the Prime Ministers of United Kingdom, Japan and Turkey.