Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 
 

Home

Democracy support

Democracy support is a topic of global interest. The 2005 World Summit Outcome reaffirmed that democracy is a universal value that does not belong to any one country or region, based on "the freely expressed will of the people to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives”.

 

Democracy support and the UN

The UN General Assembly agenda included, as an item to be debated biennially, the Support by the UN system of the efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate new or restored democracies. The resolutions adopted under this item have been stating that democracy is a universal value and that, while democracies share common features, there is no single model of democracy which belongs to a single country or region; the activities of the United Nations carried out in support of efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate democracy are undertaken in accordance with the Charter and only at the specific request of the Member States concerned.
In 2005 the UN Democracy Fund (UNDEF) has been established, whose main objective is to support processes of democratization worldwide. (Link: http://www.un.org/democracyfund/)
The UN supports and contributes to the International Conferences of New or Restored Democracies (ICNRD), a process launched in 1988 with the aim of supporting, in countries of all continents, the efforts to rebuild or strengthen democracy.

The Community of Democracies (CD) is another major global initiative in this field, launched in June 2000 by the organization, in Warsaw, of the first edition of the Ministerial Conference of the CD; (http://www.community-democracies.org/)

Starting with 2008, every year, the International Day of Democracy has been celebrated on 15 September, according to the provisions of Resolution 62/7 of the UN General Assembly. 

 

Romania and democracy support

During 2000 - 2015 Romania has initiated a series of resolutions on democracy, rule of law and human rights in the UN General Assembly, former Human Rights Commission and Human Rights Council.

Romania has initiated, together with other member states, resolution 19/36 (2012) and 28/14 (2015), adopted by the Human Rights Council.

Resolution 19/36 (2012) reaffirms the intrinsic link between democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights, the importance of social cohesion in the democratization processes and the role of regional, subregional and international organizations in promoting the rule of law and building a democratic society.

The most important result of the two resolutions is the newly established Forum for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, a biannual platform for promoting dialogue and cooperation on issues pertaining to the relationship between the three areas, aiming at identifying and analysing best practices, challenges and opportunities for states in their efforts to secure respect for human rights, democracy and the rule of law. The first session`s main theme (Geneva, 21-22 November 2016) is: Widening the democratic space; the role of youth in public decision-making”.

 

2016