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Disarmament and Nonproliferation

 The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty - CTBT was negotiated over a three years period: 1993-1996 and was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 September 1996 and opened for signature on 24 September 1996. In essence, the Treaty stipulates the following requirements:

- States Parties will not test nuclear weapons and will take all necessary steps to prevent or prohibit such activities on their territory;

- States Parties shall refrain from participating in or encouraging the testing of nuclear weapons.
CTBT will enter into force 180 days after ratification by all States that have significant nuclear facilities, which are listed in Annex 2 of the Treaty. This annex covers 44 countries including: USA, China, North Korea, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, China, Argentina, Australia, Romania. Romania signed the CTBT on 24 September 1996 and ratified it on 5 October  1999.
Currently, the Treaty is not in force given that nine states under the Annex 2 have neither signed  (North Korea, India, Pakistan) nor ratified it (USA, China, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Israel).

CTBT was signed by 181 countries and ratified by 151 (including 35 countries in Annex 2 of the Treaty).
To prepare for the entry into force of the Treaty and organize the sessions of the Conference of States Parties, the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO PrepCom) was established. The Preparatory Commission consists of a plenary body (Assembly of States Parties) and the Provisional Technical Secretariat. The Commission also seeks to achieve the other objectives of the Treaty pending its entry into force:
■ Operational status for the 337 facilities of the International Monitoring Stations - IMS, designed to monitor any tests/nuclear explosions on Earth.

■ Operational Global Communications Infrastructure designed to centralize data and information from the monitoring system.

■ Operational International Data Centre - IDC, the body which processes the data and information provided by the monitoring system.(www.ctbto.org)

Confirming Romania's support for the CTBT activities, on 13 June 2003, an agreement was signed between the Government and the CTBTO, which set up the legal framework for the operation of a key seismic monitoring station – Rosia Montana and linked it to the Provisional Technical Secretariat. The station was certified in July 2003 and was included in the international monitoring system. The Romanian experts are involved in the verification tests of IMS.

The National Data Center from the National Institute for Earth Physics constantly transmits information of interest to the IDC, consisting of seismic bulletins recorded by the local seismic network. Also, the National Data Center receives information form the International Data Centre.

Romania supports the entry into force of the CTBT, considering it a priority in the nuclear disarmament field and also in defining and strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.